Approximately 80 percent of the population of the State of Israel is Jewish and Israel is the nation-State of the Jewish people. What sort of Jewish identity does the Jewish population of the State of Israel bear? Israeli Jewish identity is complex. It relates to both practices and beliefs of Judaism as a religion and Jewish culture, as well as to views and understandings concerning the major components of collective identity as they relate to Jewishness – nationality, culture, religion, and ethnicity. Such views and practices tend to affect how Israeli Jews think of the Jewish State – its purpose and rationale – and how Jewishness and the Jewish religion relate to the public sphere. Our major findings are:
- Jewish Israeli society is characterized by a continuum of religious observance.
- Jewish Israeli society is divided in regard to fundamental questions of Jewish existence: What does it mean to be Jewish? What is the telos or end of the State of Israel? What is the relationship between Israeli identity and Jewish identity?