2021 Annual Assessment

  1. Antisemitism Overview of data available in the European Union 2008–2018, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, November 2019 https://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2019/antisemitism-overview-data-available-european-union-2008-2018
  2. The JPPI integrated index presented here for the seventh year includes three complementary dimensions of antisemitism for a selected group of countries: perceptions of Jews among non-Jews, numbers of anti-Jewish incidents and measures of sentiment and affect among Jews.
  3. Pew 2020 p. 139 and https://www.jta.org/2021/07/13/politics/sizeable-minorities-of-us-jewish-voters-believe-israel-is-guilty-of-genocide-apartheid
  4. Pew 2020 p. 139.
  5. Ministry of Diaspora Affairs, Antisemitic manifestations online during the latest Israeli-Palestinian confrontations, May 2021.
  6. https://www.jpost.com/diaspora/antisemitism/chinese-media-us-supports-israel-because-of-wealthy-jews-668513
  7. https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/05/20/how-europe-became-pro-israel/
  8. One especially effective NGO active in the field is Elnet, a European initiative that was inspired by the methods of AIPAC and AJC. https://elnetwork.eu/
  9. In France, the decision of the judiciary not to prosecute Sarah Halimi’s anti-Semite killer for being under the influence of cannabis, undermined the Jews’ trust in the French government’s previous commitment to protect them.
  10. Precise detailed data and analysis about the incidents in the different geographical areas can be found the four following comprehensive global annual reports on antisemitism: https://www.gov.il/BlobFolder/generalpage/report_anti240121/en/anti-semitism_2020%20YEARLY%20REPORT%20-%20FINAL%20(EN)_v7.pdf, https://en-humanities.tau.ac.il/sites/humanities_en.tau.ac.il/files/media_server/Antisemitism%20Worldwide%202020.pdf , Monitoring Antisemitism Worldwide: Annual Report , https://www.adl.org/audit2020
  11. https://www.adl.org/survey-of-american-attitudes-toward-jews#stereotypes-about-jews
    http://www.pewforum.org/2017/02/15/americans-express-increasingly-warm-feelings-toward-religious-groups/pf-02-15-17_thermometer-04/
  12. Data appearing here are from ADL. Other data show antisemitic attitudes in France much larger (25%-30%). https://laregledujeu.org/2021/02/08/36837/que-disent-les-chiffres-de-l-antisemitisme-en-2020/ 2019 Report on Anti-Semitism in France, French Ministry of Interior and SPCJ, https://www.antisemitism.co.il/2020/03/2019-report-on-antisemitism-in-france.html ;The 2019 report on combating racism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia in France, Commission nationale consultative de droits de l’homme (CNCDH), June 2020. https://www.cncdh.fr/sites/default/files/essentiels_rapport_racisme_2019_format_a5.pdf ; IFOP Survey, Les Français et l’antisémitisme, February 2019. https://www.antisemitism.co.il/2020/03/2019-report-on-antisemitism-in-france.html
  13. Staetsky, L. D., ‘Antisemitism in Contemporary Great Britain: A Study of Attitudes towards Jews and Israel’, JPR, September 2017. https://cst.org.uk/public/data/file/7/4/JPR.2017.Antisemitism%20in%20contemporary%20Great%20Britain.pdf
  14. Bericht des Unabhängigen Expertenkreises Antisemitismus, German Parliament, April 2017. http://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/18/119/1811970.pdf
  15. See ADL 2015. See also Koopmans, Ruul, “Religious Fundamentalism and Hostility against Out-groups. A Comparison of Muslims and Christians in Western Europe” WZB Berlin Social Science Center, WZB Mitteilungen, December 2013.
  16. Although reports from 2020 claimed a drop of 10-50% in antisemitic incidents from 2019, reports of physical assaults remained about the same even though populations were in lockdowns for long periods of time throughout 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  17. https://www.adl.org/audit2020
  18. https://www.antisemitisme.fr/dl/2020-CP-FR.pdf
  19. https://cst.org.uk/data/file/7/2/Incidents%20Report%202020.1615559608.pdf
  20. Antisemitische_Vorfaelle_in_Deutschland_Jahresbericht_RIAS_Bund_2020.pdf (report-antisemitism.de), The Bundesverband RIAS e.V. 2020 Antisemitism annual report in Germany – Monitoring Antisemitism Worldwide, https://www.dw.com/en/germany-sees-spike-in-anti-semitic-crimes-reports/a-56537178
  21. German criminologists argue that the real numbers are ten times higher than reported.
  22. https://www.adl.org/audit2020
  23. https://www.antisemitisme.fr/dl/2020-CP-FR.pdf
  24. https://cst.org.uk/data/file/7/2/Incidents%20Report%202020.1615559608.pdf
  25. Source: Kantor Center – European Jewry and Antisemitism Database. https://en-humanities.tau.ac.il/sites/humanities_en.tau.ac.il/files/media_server/humanities/kantor/Kantor%20Center%20Worldwide%20Antisemitism%20in%202019%20-%20Main%20findings.pdf
  26. Antisemitism Overview of data available in the European Union 2008–2018, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, November 2019 https://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2019/antisemitism-overview-data-available-european-union-2008-2018
  27. Jewish Americans in 2020 | Pew Research Center (pewforum.org) . AJC’s 2018 Survey of American Jewish Opinion, https://www.ajc.org/news/survey2018
  28. Ibid.
  29. In the two last decades, more than 20% of the core community have already relocated in Israel. Between 2012 and 2018, more than 25,000 French Jews (7.5% of the total community) relocated to Israel and thousands more migrated to the United States. This explains why the percentage of French Jews who are considering migrating has declined since the 2012 survey.
  30. Ibid.
  31. AJC’s 2021 Survey of American Jewish Opinion. American Jewish Committee. June 2021. https://www.ajc.org/news/survey2020
  32. https://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2019/antisemitism-overview-data-available-european-union-2008-2018
  33. Sergio DellaPergola, 2021. https://k-larevue.com/on-est-revenu-en-effet-au-meme-pourcentage-de-juifs-en-europe-que-celui-qui-prevalait-au-moyen-age/
  34. JPR_2020.Jews_in_Europe_at_the_turn_of_the_Millennium.pdf
  35. Sergio DellaPergola, 2021, op. cit.
  36. 2019 JPPI annual assessment report, http://jppi.org.il/en/article/aa2019/indices/anti-semitismeurope/changes/#.YObKZTPiu70
  37. Eilam S. et al, Contemporary Antisemitism in the Political Discourse of Five Western European Countries: Germany, France, Britain, Spain, Ireland, INSS- JAFI, 2021. Contemporary Antisemitism in the Political Discourse of Five Western European Countries: Germany, France, Britain, Spain, Ireland | INSS
  38. FRA 2018 p.11
  39. Contemporary Antisemitism in the Political Discourse of Five Western European Countries: Germany, France, Britain, Spain, Ireland | INSS
  40. Eilam S. et al, Contemporary Antisemitism in the Political Discourse of Five Western European Countries: Germany, France, Britain, Spain, Ireland, INSS- JAFI, 2021. Contemporary Antisemitism in the Political Discourse of Five Western European Countries: Germany, France, Britain, Spain, Ireland | INSS
  41. Sharansky, N. (2004). 3D test of anti-Semitism: Demonization, double standards, delegitimization. Jewish Political Studies Review, 16, 3-4.
  42. Greene, J. P., Cheng, A., & Kingsbury, I. (2021). Education and Anti-Semitism. Education Reform Faculty and Graduate Students Publications. https://scholarworks.uark.edu/edrepub/121
  43. https://bariweiss.substack.com/p/april-powers-condemned-jew-hate-then
  44. It is worthwhile to mention that while coalitions with Muslims, black minorities are difficult to establish, there are promising opportunities for cooperation with Asian minorities.
  45. Sarna, Jonathan D. “That Other Time Jews Were Hated in America — and 3 Lessons To Learn from It Now,” Forward, November 2016.
  46. SW Popper, D Shalmon, CA Small, M Tabory, and T Wolfson, “Evaluating Contemporary Antisemitism: A Framework for Collaborative Conceptualization, Measurement and Assessment”, presented as a panel session organized by the Institute for Study of Global Antisemitism and Policy at the at the 6th Global Forum for Combating Antisemitism, Jerusalem, March 2018.
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