A few notes on the terminology used in this report:
- The Israeli Reform Movement is officially known as the IMPJ, The Israel Movement for Reform and Progressive Judaism. We will refer to it as the Reform Movement.
- The Israeli Conservative Movement is officially known as the Masorti Movement in Israel. Masorti means “traditional” in Hebrew, and is similarly used to identify traditional Israeli Jews. To prevent confusion, we will refer to the Masorti Movement as the Conservative Movement in Israel, although we aware that the movement does not refer to itself as such.
- Secular Israelis will be interchangeably referred to as Hiloni or Hiloniim (plural).
- Traditional Israelis will be interchangeably referred to as Masorti or Masortiim (plural).
- National – Religious, or Zionist – Religious, National – Orthodox, or Zionist – Orthodox, will be interchangeably referred to as Dati or Dati-Leumi, Datiim or Datiim-Leumiim (plural) as they are known in Hebrew. They are most similar to Modern-Orthodox outside of Israel.
- Ultra-Orthodox will be interchangeably referred to as Haredi, or Harediim (plural).
- We also make reference at times to three less commonly referenced groups: Hiloni-Masorti (secular somewhat traditional), Dati-Liberali (liberal-religious) and Haredi – Leumi (Haredi-Zionist).
- Egalitarian – Orthodox or its American counterpart, Open Orthodoxy, attempts to expand the role of women in public Jewish life, especially prayer, from within Orthodoxy. These efforts can range from full egalitarianism to various levels of participation in traditionally public male roles within synagogue and ritual life.
- Halacha – Jewish law. Refers to the canon of Jewish law established and expanded upon over the centuries relating to all aspects of private and public life. Orthodox Judaism (and to a lesser extent Conservative Judaism) is defined by its adherence to Halacha.