Article Library / 2015

2014-2015 Annual Assessment

1. Times of Israel Staff. “Anti-Israel activity on U.S. campuses sees “marked increase””. Times of Israel, May 30, 2015.
2. ADL Press Release, May 29, 2015. Available at http://www.adl.org/press-center/press-releases/anti-semitism-usa/adl-voices-concern-about-increase-in-anti-semitic-anti-israel-activity-on-campus.html?referrer=https://www.google.co.il/#.Va9XFbOqqko
3. Aggregate count which includes published and internal statistics from pro-Israel groups.
4. Medina, Jennifer and Lewin, Tamar. “Campus Debates on Israel Drive a Wedge Between Jews and Minorities”. New York Times, May 9, 2015.
5. Sharansky, Natan. “Campuses are Flooded with Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS).” Jerusalem Post, May 19, 2015.
6. Shubert, Omer. “The Rising Tide of BDS on California’s campuses”, Haaretz, February 13, 2015.
7. Medina, Jennifer and Lewin, Tamar. “Campus Debates on Israel Drive a Wedge Between Jews and Minorities”. New York Times, May 9, 2015.
8. Fishman, Sylvia Barack. “Delegitimation of Israel and Israel attachments among Jewish young adults: The College campus and other contributing factors.” The Jewish People Policy Institute. March 17, 2011. http://jppi.org.il/uploads/Factors_in_delegitimation_of_Israel_and_younger_Jews.pdf
9. Ellis, Nadia. “The Delegitimization of Israel on Campuses.” The Jewish People Policy Institute, 2013.
10. Bard, Mitchell and Dawson, Jeff., “Israel and the Campus: The Real Story”. AICE – The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, Fall 2012.
11. The BDS movement has its roots in South Africa from 2001, where a coalition of NGO’s agreed to copy the popular movement that pressured South Africa to end its apartheid policies. The official “BDS movement” was founded by SJP at UC Berkley in 2005. For further reading on the origins of BDS see here: http://www.stopbds.com/?page_id=16. For further reading on why Israel’s situation regarding the Palestinians bears little if any comparison to Apartheid South Africa read here http://archive.adl.org/israel/apartheid/confronting_the_apartheid_analogy.pdf
12. Younis, Rami. “Interview: The Man Behind the BDS Movement”. +972 Magazine. June 14, 2015.
13. To borrow from the David Project.
14. http://www.gallup.com/poll/181652/seven-americans-continue-view-israel-favorably.aspx
15. http://www.gallup.com/poll/181652/seven-americans-continue-view-israel-favorably.aspx
16. http://www.gallup.com/poll/181652/seven-americans-continue-view-israel-favorably.aspx
17. Gallup, as reported by Bard, Mitchell, (Sep. 24, 2015), “Myths and Facts About American Campuses: #1 Young Americans are no Longer Sympathetic Toward Israel”. Jerusalem Post.
18. http://www.gallup.com/poll/181745/older-americans-grown-especially-supportive-israel.aspx
19. http://www.gallup.com/poll/181745/older-americans-grown-especially-supportive-israel.aspx
20. http://www.gallup.com/poll/181745/older-americans-grown-especially-supportive-israel.aspx
21. http://www.people-press.org/2014/07/15/as-mideast-violence-continues-a-wide-partisan-gap-in-israel-palestinian-sympathies/
22. http://www.people-press.org/files/2014/07/7-28-14-Israel-Hamas-Release.pdf
23. The trends mentioned in this section can also be considered as “strategies” by anti-Israel activists. We chose to talk about them in this section, because beyond the key minds driving the Israel de-legitimization movement who realize the cynical use of race, narrative bending or other ideological tricks are purposeful, the majority of anti-Israel activists believe these to be true and thus it becomes a part of the ideology with which pro-Israel activists must contend.
24. Young, Todd and Ackerman, Matthew. “A Burning Campus? Rethinking Israel Advocacy at America’s Universities and Colleges.” The David Project, 2012.
25. Masri, Bassem. “The Fascinating Story of How the Ferguson-Palestine Solidarity Movement Came Together.” AlterNet February 18, 2015.
26. Haaretz. “Twitter-savvy Palestinians Express Solidarity with Ferguson Protestors.” November 27, 2014.
27. https://jewishvoiceforpeace.org/content/jvp-mission-statement
28. http://www.stopbds.com/?page_id=48
29. http://honestreporting.com/finkelstein-on-bds-a-cult-of-dishonesty/
30. Tammi Rossman-Benjamin. “Schools Must do more to Protect Jewish Students.” Times of Israel. May 22, 2015.
31. Bard, Mitchell and Dawson, Jeff. “Israel and the Campus: The Real Story”. AICE – The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Fall 2012.
32. Pew Research Center, “A Portrait of Jewish Americans”. 2013.
33. Kosmin, Barry and Keysar, Ariela. “National Demographic Survey of American Jewish College Students 2014. Anti-Semitism Report”. The Louis D. Brandeis Center and Trinity College. February 2015.
34. Editorial. “The Anti-Semitism Surge that Isn’t” Forward. March 24, 2015.
35. Fletcher, James. “Is there a ‘rising tide’ of anti-Semitism in the West?” BBC News Magazine. August 21, 2014.
36. SJP, perhaps the single most important group in the anti-Israel effort on campuses today, is estimated to have a presence on 154 campuses across the country (ADL), with single and sometimes double digit membership on each campus. Because they are not a unified organization, little is known about real numbers or budgets. And while there is a national hub that brings in activists for a yearly strategy conference, there is little but increasing coordination between chapters.
37. We note this is a tactical move, since the majority of campus students were put off by this type of activism and tended to ignore it.
38. For example, this article written by SJP members in 2012, denotes connecting to other “victimized” groups as a strategy. The link to this article featured on the national SJP website and on ElectronicIntifada, a leading anti-Israel, pro-BDS website. https://electronicintifada.net/content/building-bridges-between-struggles-upcoming-student-conference/11788
39. For more on anti-normalization, see http://thirdnarrative.org/israel-palestine-articles/anti-normalization-prevents-peace-sustains-the-occupation-undermines-academic-freedom-and-harms-students/ or the chapter on anti-normalization in this ADL report http://www.adl.org/assets/pdf/israel-international/sjp-2015-backgrounder.pdf
40. For more, see http://www.amchainitiative.org/sjp-disruption-of-jewish-events/
41. Young, Todd and Ackerman, Matthew. , “A Burning Campus? Rethinking Israel Advocacy at America’s Universities and Colleges.” The David Project, 2012.
42. Harvard Institute of Politics. “Survey of Young Americans’ Attitudes toward Politics and Public Service, 25th Edition”. Harvard University, March – April 2014. http://www.iop.harvard.edu/sites/default/files_new/Harvard_ToplineSpring2014.pdf
43. We note that this poll refers to 18-29 year olds in general and not only college students. So, it is likely that those on liberal-arts campuses are, a priori, more liberal and politically minded than their peers, which may explain why it is these campuses where anti-Israel activity is expanding.
44. We note, in the “pessimist” section, a new and increasingly strong presence of outside, professional BDS organizations assisting student groups.
45. Specifically referring to the National BDS Campus Support Team, comprised of AFSC (American Friends Service Committee), AMP (American Muslims for Palestine), JVP (Jewish Voices for Peace) and Palestine Legal – each of which is interested in a different BDS aspect, and each of offers crucial resources and services to campus based BDS activists.
46. This is a flier being spread around campuses, offering support for student led BDS campaigns through offering professional services and national connections.
47. Young, Todd and Ackerman, Matthew. “A Burning Campus? Rethinking Israel Advocacy at America’s Universities and Colleges.” The David Project, 2012.
48. Massad, Joseph. “Zionism, anti-Semitism and colonialism.” Al Jazeera, December 24, 2012.
49. Young, Todd and Ackerman, Matthew. “A Burning Campus? Rethinking Israel Advocacy at America’s Universities and Colleges.” The David Project, 2012.
50. Young, Todd and Ackerman, Matthew. “A Burning Campus? Rethinking Israel Advocacy at America’s Universities and Colleges.” The David Project, 2012.
51. Young, Todd and Ackerman, Matthew. “A Burning Campus? Rethinking Israel Advocacy at America’s Universities and Colleges.” The David Project, 2012.
52. Bard, Mitchell. “Israel Studies Grows on Campus.” InFocus Quarterly. Winter 2008.
53. http://israel-studies.com/campus
54. For more on university cooperation, see http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/universityagreements.html
55. This definition includes anti-Israel criticism beyond “what is normal for other countries” and includes denying the Jewish people a right to self- determination.
56. Abbot, Katy. “State Senate resolution urging UC to condemn anti-Semitism draws objections over language.” The Daily Californian, July 5, 2015.
57. In June, Jewish billionaire mega-donors Sheldon Adelson, Chaim Saban and others met with a number of pro-Israel organizations to devise strategies and funding priorities. It was reported the philanthropic consortium pledged $50 million over the next two years for pro-Israel efforts on campuses and will create an organization called “Campus Maccabees” who intend to take a more offensive approach against de-legitimizers.
58. Hasbara is a Hebrew term for public diplomacy, related to defending or promoting a positive image of Israel.
59. Shimoni Stoil, Rebecca. “As Illinois quashes Israel boycotts, some see watershed in fight against BDS”. Times of Israel. May 19, 2015.
60. For more on the Hillel – Open Hillel controversy, see http://www.timesofisrael.com/two-jews-three-opinions-j-street-u-and-open-hillel/
61. Note this does not apply in a defensive setting when allegations or criticisms of Israel are made. I.e., it is not effective to counter charges of occupation or apartheid with responses highlighting Israel’s contribution to technology or medicine. Also, in general, this type of action can be effective on the “undecided majority” but will not work against hard-core anti-Israel activists.

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