Article Library / 2015

2014-2015 Annual Assessment

  1. An extensive list of acts of violence by Jews against the Arab public during July 2014 can be found in the blog “Local Conversation”: Brown, John, (July 31, 2014), “July Chronicle: a month of violent racist attacks,” Local Conversation.
  2. Shteif, Hadas, 16/8/2015, “Report of the Commission of Inquiry of the Gay Pride Parade: Intelligiance Failure and Non-Obedience of Directives”, Galei Tzahal.
  3. In August 2013 the Ministry of Education launched the program “The other is me,” intended to promote Israel and make it an exemplary country, among other things, by providing an answer to “expressions of division, separation, racism or hatred of the other.” From the Ministry of Education website: http://cms.education.gov.il/EducationCMS/Units/ui/atochnit/
  4. Under the coalition agreement between Yesh Atid and Likud Beitenu, an inter-ministerial committee to fight racism was to have been established 30 days after formation of the 33rd government. The committee was never established. Kashti, Orr, (August 27, 2014), “The first project of President Rivlin: a program to fight incitement and violence,” Haaretz.
  5. For example, a discussion on the subject of security arrangements for public transport drivers working in conflict areas in the framework of the labor, welfare and health committee on December 2, 2014.
  6. Source: Police data on cases opened in respect of Israeli disorderly conduct and Jewish /Palestinian nationalist offenses. By offense and district, 2013/14. The data were given under the Freedom of information Law. For greater detail on the breakdown into districts and the boundaries of each district, the Israel Police website, districts and departments: http://www.police.gov.il/mechuzot.aspx
  7. Racism Report 2015, (July 2015), Coalition against Racism in Israel.
  8. Smooha, Sammy, (2015),”Still playing by the rules 2013: Index of Arab-Jewish relations in Israel,” The Democracy Library.
  9. The results presented are correct to July 2015, for the search word “racism.”
  10. See for example: “The Detention of the Suspect Accused of Distributing Notifications Praising the Murder of Shira Banki was Extended”, Maariv Online 3/8/2105, or the statement by Education Minister Naftali Bennet “I will not permit that in the State of Israel, youth will not enter the street because of their lifestyle. We will respond to this attack not only with words but with deeds, in order to empower and give tools and skills to youth who suffer from racism and homophobia in school”, (Roi Yanovsky et.al., “A Hate Attack: The Stabber from the Gay Pride Parade a Decade Ago Again Stabbed This Evening and Severely Wounded Participants”, Ynet, 30/7/2015. http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-4685873,00.html
  11. Uri Ben Elizer, 247; Herzog et al. 1096, 1098.
  12. Neiman v. the Chair of the Central Elections Committee for the 11th Knesset.
  13. Alba v. State of Israel, p. 224.
  14. Penal Code, Article 144a, Definitions (Amendment 5746).
  15. International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CERD.aspx (at the time of signing, Israel dissociated itself from Article 22 of the Charter, making it possible to sue a country that does not comply with the Charter in the International Court, unless the parties to the dispute agree on another compromise.
  16. The Neiman affairs – the first and the second – relate to rulings in connection with the Kach movement running in the Knesset elections. Just before the elections for the 11th Knesset, an attempt was made to disqualify the participation of the Kach list on the basis of its racist and anti-democratic platform. Members of the movement appealed the decision in court, and it was determined that there was no basis for their disqualification – this ruling is called the First Neiman Affair. Following the Court of Appeal, as noted, two legislative amendments were passed, the first to the Basic Law, and the second to the Penal Code. On the eve of the elections for the 12th Knesset (1988), the Central Elections Committee decided to disqualify the Kach list, again on the grounds of its racist and anti-democratic platform. In this ruling, called the Second Neiman Affair, the Supreme Court upheld the decision of the committee and determined that the objectives and actions of the list went against the democratic nature of Israel, and were an incitement to violence.
  17. EA 1/88 Moshe Neiman v. the Chair of the Central Elections Committee for the 12th Knesset, PD 42(4) 177.
  18. Uri Ben Eliezer, 249; Herzog et al., pp. 1102-03.
  19. Rabbi Ido Elba v. the State of Israel, p. 227.
  20. Herzog et al., ibid.
  21. Herzog et al. (2008), “Racism and the Politics of Signification: Israeli Public Discourse on Racism towards Palestinian Citizens,” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31:6, p. 1092.
  22. Allport, Gordon, Michael Ross, (1967), “Personal Religious Orientation and Prejustice, ” Journal pf Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 5, No. 4, 432-443.
  23. Ministry of Public Security website, Prevention of Crime and Violence, Safe Surfing: Behavior and Dangers in the Social Networks: ‏http://mops.gov.il/crimeandviolenceprevention/safesurfing/pages/networkdangersnbehavior.aspx‏
  24. Hasson, Nir (January 13, 2015) “Charges Added in Case of Arson on Jewish-Arab School in Jerusalem,” Haaretz. Further examples: In August 2014 a resident of Arad was charged for posting inciting comments against Arabs on his Facebook page: Ben Porat, Ido (August 5, 2014) “Incitement to racism on Facebook: ‘Al Yahud gang,’” Channel 7 (Arutz Sheva). In the same month a young man from Beer Sheba was charged when after the kidnapping of the three boys he opened a Facebook page named Aravi gever ze Aravi bakever [“The only good Arab is a dead Arab”] in which he called for violence against Arabs: Amikam, Itay (August 28, 2014) “Charges against the founder of the Facebook page ‘Aravi gever ze Aravi bakever,’” Channel 2 news website: ‏http://www.mako.co.il/news-law/legal/Article-669053e641c1841004.htm‏
  25. Oren, Efrat (January 2015), “Announcement by the Jerusalem district prosecutor.” On December 22 charges were brought against eight residents of East Jerusalem for incitement to violence in the social networks. In this case, too, the prosecution based the charges mainly on materials posted by the accused, separately, on their Facebook pages. Halperin, Asher (December 22, 2014), “Charge of incitement to violence in the social network,” Lada’at, Haredi website, ‏http://ladaat.info/article.aspx?artid=16872‎‏
  26. Peled, Yoav (1993), “Strangers in Utopia: The civil status of the Palestinians in Israel,” Theory and Criticism, 3, pp. 21–35. Fischer, Shlomo, (2014), “The Crises of Liberal Citizenship: Religion and Education in Israel,” in Religious Education and the Challenge of Pluralism, Adam B.‎‎ ‎Seligman (ed.), Oxford Scholarship Online.
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