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2017 Annual Assessment

1 Baruch Spinoza’s Jewish community of Amsterdam consisted almost entirely of a transplanted Jewish and converso community from Portugal.
2 International Chamber of Commerce (2017). ICC Open Markets Index Fourth Edition 2017: Economy Profiles, pp. 59-60 (https://cms.iccwbo.org/content/uploads/sites/3/2017/06/2017-ICC-Open-Markets-Index-Economy-Profiles.pdf#page=49 ).
3 Compare the chapter on Demography, “Israelis Abroad” in this volume for a different approach to this question.
4 International Monetary Fund (2017). “Israel 2017 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report”, IMF Country Report No. 17/75, March.
5 Ibid.
6 Teva Pharmaceuticals Form 20-F, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, data as of 31 December 2016. (http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9MzY3MDgwfENoaWxkSUQ9LTF8VHlwZT0z&t=1&cb=636228527216394377 )
7 Central Bureau of Statistics, press release 185/2017, June 2017 (http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/hodaot2017n/16_17_185e.pdf )
8 Website: Simoes, AJG, CA Hidalgo (2011). The Economic Complexity Observatory: An Analytical Tool for Understanding the Dynamics of Economic Development. (http://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/isr/ )
9 According to the Pew Research Center, the most highly educated religious grouping in the U.S. are Hindus, 48 percent of whom have post-graduate degrees with a further 29 percent completing college. For Jews, the next most educated group, the post-graduates represent a 31 percent share with 29 percent completing college. This performance, especially in completion of post-graduate degrees, makes the two religions substantially different from almost all of the other groups surveyed. Jewish households have the largest share of those earning over $100,000 a year (44%) followed by Hindus (36%) and more distantly by other groups. (http://www.pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/educational-distribution/ ; last accessed 28 July 2017.)
10 Hospitals and senior adult facilities, in most communities established by Jews and the Jewish federations and originally funded by Jewish philanthropy, are now primarily funded by local and federal government. While hospitals, social service agencies, and senior adult facilities continue to receive substantial philanthropic support from American Jews, there is debate about whether they ought to be considered integral to the North American Jewish community even though it is clear that relationships persist and such ties strengthen both the Jewish community and the medical/senior adult facilities.
11 JFNA Annual Report, 2014 (https://jewishfederations.org/about-jfna ).
12 These would include, but are by no means limited to, the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Foundation, the Andrea and Charles Bronfman Philanthropies, the Wexner Foundation, the Samuel Bronfman Foundation, the Steinhardt Foundation for Jewish Life; the Jim Joseph Foundation, the Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Foundation, the Adelson Family Foundation, Genesis Philanthropy, the Ruderman Family Foundation, the William Davidson Foundation, the Harold Greenspoon Foundation.
13 Otto H. Kahn was the principal financial guarantor of the Metropolitan Opera in New York City during its crucial period of growth in the early twentieth century, providing the backing that allowed the company to see off its rivals – but, of course, he was prevented from purchasing a family box in the theater owing to his Jewish origin. See, Sachs, Harvey (2017). Toscanini: Musician of Conscience (New York: Liveright Publishing,) p. 230.

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