This question looks directly at the sense of attachment that Jews around the world experience vis-a-vis Israel. The question appears on several surveys, though in different wordings. In the AJC surveys from 2000 to 2005, the term “close” was used. Other surveys used the term “emotional attachment.”
The data on sense of closeness to Israel in the AJC surveys refer to the years 2000-2005 only. For these years, we can see a slight increase in the feeling of closeness, though the degree is insignificant (from 74.3 percent in 2000 to 76 percent in 2005). The age of the respondents, and their identification with a religious stream, significantly affect the feeling of closeness. Older age cohorts and Orthodox Jews reported a stronger sense of closeness than younger age cohorts and non-Orthodox respondents.
The 2013 Pew survey, A Portrait of Jewish Americans, used a slightly-different wording from the question found in the AJC survey: respondents were asked how “emotionally attached” they are to Israel. Over 60 percent responded that they felt attached (30 percent very attached, 39 percent somewhat attached), while 31 percent said they were not very, or not at all, attached to Israel. A 2018 J Street survey also asked about emotional attachment to Israel. Thirty-two percent of respondents reported feeling very emotionally attached to Israel, 33 percent said they were somewhat attached, 23 percent said they were not very attached, and 12 percent reported no Israel attachment at all. being at all.
Respondents of the FRA surveys conducted in Europe were asked about their attachment levels to their countries of origin, their regions of origin, to Europe in general, and to Israel. The 2019 survey found that 69 percent of European Jews feel strongly attached to Israel.3 Like other surveys, a significant relationship was found between respondent age and sense of attachment, with 62 percent of young adults ages 16-34 attesting to a strong or very strong attachment to Israel, versus 69 percent for the 35-59 age group, and 72 percent for those 60 and over.
Most of the Canadian survey participants
(79 percent) reported being very attached
(48 percent) or somewhat attached (31 percent) to Israel. The Canadian study looked at the basis of the respondents’ sense of attachment to Israel – religious, ethnic, cultural, a combination of the three, or other. The responses were broken down as follows:
Table 1: Connection to Israel by Jewish Identity (Canada)
|Canadian Total||By Religion||By Ancestry/Descent||By Culture||All Three||Other||American Jews (PEW)|
|Not very attached||11||7||18||14||8||13||22|
|Not at all attached||8||7||17||11||3||7||9|
The Gen08 survey looked at the sense of emotional attachment to Israel; 75 percent of the respondents reported a very strong or strong attachment.