Article Library / 2017

2017 Pluralism in Israel Index

 

Indicator   Current Status Change from 2016 Notes
RELIGION & CULTURE
Presence within relevant Israeli Jewish institutions Level of accommodation of non-Orthodox at Kotel 0.18 -0.04 “Accommodation”, “Acceptance”, “Legal” assessments aggregated and normed; JPPI survey
Accommodation of non-Orthodox Jewish marriage 0.14 -0.01 “Accommodation”, “Acceptance”, “Legal” assessments aggregated and normed; JPPI survey
Accommodation of non-Orthodox conversion 0.15 0 “Accommodation”, “Acceptance”, “Legal” assessments aggregated and normed;
Presence in popular culture Representation of “Mizrachi” music in annual list of top 10 songs [normed] (Galai Tzahal) 0.89 +0.07 Share of “mizrachi” songs in annual Galai Tzahal top 10 lists, by decade [normed by population shares] (“1970s” = .06)
Attitude toward different Jewish groups Attitudes toward contribution to Israeli society by Secular, Reform, Haredi, diaspora Jews .91 .68 .59 .81 +0.02 +0.03 +0.02 +0.02 Coefficients of variation from JPPI survey, normed to “soldiers” = 1
EDUCATION
Level of shared educational space Share of students in co-ed state religious school classrooms 0.39 -0.01 Data: Ne’emanei Torah v’Avoda for 2015; (2000 = 0.57)
Attitude toward shared Jewish, non-Jewish schools 0.47 0 Share partially or fully agreeing with statement: “I would like the school my children attend to also teach non-Jewish students”. JPPI survey
Educational access and outcomes Relative share of non-Jewish students in university education 0.54 +0.03 Ratio of share of Arabs and Jews 18-39 attending higher education for 1st or 2nd degree (2013/14 (2004/5 = 0.35) [CBS data]
Test results of highest vs lowest socioeconomic background 0.90 +0.07 Average difference in PISA science score of most and least socially advantaged students, 2015, normed to OECD average (2012 = 0.76)
CIVIL SOCIETY
Family formation Share of Jewish couples who marry outside group (by origin excl. “Israel”) [normed] (CBS) 0.84 0 Value based on CBS (2009); normed on .33 max; (“1990-1994” = 0.73)
Shared civil institutions State of civil marriage 0.30 0 “Accommodation”, “Acceptance”, “Legal” assessments aggregated and normed; JPPI survey
Attitude toward different Jewish ethnic groups Attitudes toward contribution to Israeli society by French, Russian and Ethiopian Immigrants .85 .84 .82 -.01 +.01 +.01 Coefficients of variation from JPPI survey, normed to “soldiers” = 1
PERCEIVED MINORITY RIGHTS
Access to legal system Rights of non-Jewish minorities within legal system 0.72 +0.03 “Accommodation”, “Acceptance”, “Legal” assessments aggregated and normed; JPPI survey
Attitude toward different ethnic communities Attitudes toward contribution to Israeli society by Druze, Christian and Moslem Arabs .83 .70 .59 0
+.02 +.04
Coefficients of variation from JPPI survey, normed to “soldiers” = 1