2016 Annual Assessment

Annual Assessment 2016

Dr. Shlomo Fischer

Avinoam Bar-Yosef, Susanne Cohen-Weisz, Rémi Daniel, Chaya Ekstein, Dan Feferman, Avi Gil, Inbal Hakman, Michael Herzog, Simon Luxemburg, David Landes, Dov Maimon, Steven Popper, Uzi Rebhun, Shmuel Rosner, John Ruskay, Noah Slepkov, Shalom Solomon Wald, Einat Wilf

Barry Geltman
Rami Tal

2016 Annual Assessment

1    Luis Lugo et al., “A Portrait of Jewish Americans: Findings from a Pew Research Center Survey of US Jews.” Pew Research Institute (2013), 10; Josh Nathan-Kazis, “Orthodox Population Grows Faster Than First Figures in Pew Jewish America Study, Forward, November 12, 2013, accessed March 27, 2016, http://forward.com/news/187429/0rthodox-population-grows-faster-tha-first-figure/#article-comments.
2    Pew Research Center, “A Portrait of American Orthodox Jews” (2015), 10-11.
3    http://www.ujafedny.org/who-we-are/our-mission/jewish-community-study-fast-facts
4    Pew, “American Orthodox,” 3-4.
5    Cohen, “Jewish Community,” 29.
6    Pew, “American Orthodox,” 4
7    Cohen, “Jewish Community,” 212.
8    Lugo et al., “Jewish Americans,” 177.
9    There is a fairly large literature on American Hasidim. The following works were of particular help to the author: Ayala Fader, Mitzvah Girls: Bringing Up the Next Generation of Hasidic Jews in Brooklyn (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009); Joseph Berger, The Pious Ones: The World of Hasidim and their Battles with America (New York: Harper Collins, 2014; Jerome Mintz, Hasidic People: A Place in the New World (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009); Israel Rubin, Satmar: Two Generations of an Urban Island, 2nd. ed. (New York: Peter Lang, 1997). The discussion herein of the Hasidic, Yeshivish, Syrian, and Chabad/Lubavitch communities are informed by in-depth interviews that the author conducted with current and former members of these communities.
10    Cohen, “Jewish Community,” 214.
11    There is a limited literature on the American Yeshivish community. For a recent study, which also includes material on the Modern Orthodox community, see Adam Ferziger, Beyond Sectarianism: The Realignment of American Orthodox Judaism (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2015). See also, William B. Helmreich, The World of the Yeshiva: An Intimate Portrait of Orthodox Jewry augmented ed. (Hoboken, NJ: KTAV, 2000).
12    Cohen, “Jewish Community,” 214.
13    Cohen, “Jewish Community,” 214.
14    For a discussion of the sense of crisis within the Modern Orthodox community, and additional information about the community, see Jack Wertheimer, “Can Modern Orthodox Survive?” Mosaic, August 3, 2014, accessed August 16, 2016, http://mosaicmagazine.com/essay/2014/08/can-modern-orthodoxy-survive/, and the several responses.
15    Cohen, “Jewish Community,” 19, 244n.16.
16    Cohen, “Jewish Community,” 245.
17    The statistics for Chabad-Lubavitch were supplied to the author by a senior administrator based at the community’s headquarters in Crown Heights, Brooklyn.
18    “Hakhel Gemilas Chesed List 5773,” accessed August 17, 2016, http://www.hakhel.info/HakhelGemachList5773.pdf.
19    Cohen, “Jewish Community,” 220.
20    Lisa Riordan Seville, “Hasidic Neighborhood in B’klyn is a Top Beneficiary of Section 8,” New York Daily News, May 17, 2016, accessed May 19, 2016, http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/hasidic-neighborhood-b-klyn-top-beneficiary-section-8-article-1.2639120.
21    “Video: Rabbi Zwiebel on NYS Budget Accomplishments, Disappointments,” Lefkowitz Leadership Initiative, accessed August 17, 2016, http://ourlli.org/video-nys-budget/.
22    Jennifer Miller, “Yiddish Isn’t Enough: A Yeshiva Graduate Fights for Secular Studies in Hasidic Educat,” New York Times, November 21, 2014; Josh Nathan-Kazis, “Satmar Rebbe Rails Against Secular Education Bill; Moderate Groups Stay Silent,” Forward, May 12, 2016, accessed May 19, 2016, http://forward.com/news/340568/satmar-rebbe-rails-against-secular-education-bill-moderate-groups-stay-sele/.
23    David M. Myers and Nomi M. Stolzenberg, “What Does Kiryas Joel Tell Us About Liberalism in America,” The Chronicle, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, 71 (2008):49-53.
24    “Quick Facts: Kiryas Joel Village, New York, United States Census Bureau, accessed August 17, 2016, http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/3639853.
25    Albert Samaha, “All the Young Jews: In the Village of Kiryas Joel, New York, the Median Age is 13, The Village Voice, November 12, 2014, accessed August 17, 2016, http://www.villagevoice.com/news/all-the-young-jews-in-the-village-of-kiryas-joel-new-york-the-median-age-is-13-6675452.
26    Tamar Lewin, “Controversy Over, Enclave Joins School Board Group,” New York Times, June 13, 2011.
27    David Landes, “How Lakewood, N.J., Is Redefining What It Means To Be Orthodox In America,” Tablet, June 5, 2013, accessed August 17, 2016, http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-life-and-religion/133643/lakewood-redefining-orthodoxy.
28    “Video: Zwiebel.”
29    Alexandra Sifferlin, “How 11 New York City Babies Contracted Herpes Through Circumcision,” Time, June 7, 2012, accessed August 17, 2016, http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-life-and-religion/133643/lakewood-redefining-orthodoxy.
30    Shlomo Sprecher, “Mezizah be-Peh—Therapeutic Touch or Hippocratic Vestige?” Hakirah, the Flatbush Journal of Jewish Law and Thought, 3 (2006):15-66.
31    Sharon Otterman, “Mayer de Blasio and Rabbis Near Accord on New Circumcision Rule,” New York Times, January 14, 2015.
32    Marc Santora, “Suit is Filed Over Move to Regulate Circumcision,” New York Times, October 11, 2012.
33    Kate Taylor, “Mayoral Rivals Entangled in Debate on City’s Rules for a Circumcision Rite,” September 26, 2013; “Bill de Blasio at Satmar Campaign Rally 09-08,” accessed August 17, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oYbQjQHnOn8&feature=youtu.be.
34    Michael M. Grynbaum, “New York City Health Board Repeals Rule on Consent Forms for Circumcision Ritual,” New York Times, September 9, 2015; Amy Sara Clark, “Charedi Leader Opens Door on Metzitzah,” The Jewish Week, accessed August 17, 2016, http://www.thejewishweek.com/news/new-york/charedi-leader-opens-door-metzitzah.
35    “Federal Appeals Court Calls for Review of NYC MBP Law,” The Jewish Week, accessed August 17, 2016, http://www.thejewishweek.com/news/new-york/federal-appeals-court-calls-review-nyc-mbp-law.
36    Michael Walzer, “What Rights for Illiberal Communities,” in Forms of Justice: Critical Perspectives on David Miller’s Political Philosophy, eds. Daniel A. Bell and Avner De-Shalit (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002), 123-134.