Annual Assessments

2020 Annual Assessment

Situation and Dynamics of the Jewish People

Annual Assessment

תש”פ | 2020


Project Head

Shmuel Rosner


Avinoam Bar-Yosef, Dan Feferman, Shlomo Fischer, Avi Gil,
Inbal Hakman, Michael Herzog, Gitit Levy-Paz, Dov Maimon, Steven Popper, Uzi Rebhun, John Ruskay, Adar Schiber, Noah Slepkov, Shalom Salomon Wald


Barry Geltman
Rami Tal

2020 Annual Assessment

  1. 2019 witnessed a rise of 18% in major violent cases compared to 2018 (456 cases in 2019 compared to 387 in 2018), seven Jews and non-Jews were killed, and a rise in most other manifestations, in most countries. At least 53 synagogues (12%) and 28 community centers and schools (6 percent) were attacked. An increase in life-endangering threats (47%) and in attacks on private properties (24 %).
  2. “Canary Mission special report: Far-Right network behind Coronavirus antisemitism,” Canary Mission, June 2020.
  3. Daniel Freeman and others, Coronavirus conspiracy beliefs, mistrust, and compliance with government guidelines in England. Psychological Medicine, 2020, pp. 1-13. https://
  4. For a comprehensive review of the anti-Semitic incidents, classified according to geographic areas, profiles of perpetrators and motivations, see Yogev Karasenti, 2019 Annual Report on Antisemitism, Israeli Ministry of Diaspora, January 2020.
  5. Since January 2019 twelve additional OECD countries have adopted the IHRA working definition. See
  6. Joseph Nasr, Riham Alkousaa, “Germany designates BDS Israel boycott movement as anti-Semitic,”, May 17 2019.
  7. Countries and bodies that have appointed special envoys, see 2019 Annual Report, Israeli Ministry of Diaspora, op. cit. p. 12.
  8. Cnaan Liphshiz, “Jewish lawmakers who left Corbyn-led Labour over antisemitism return,” June 20, 2020 JPOST
  9. For a further discussion regarding a possible Jewish participation to the “Black Lives matter” movement, see in this 2020 JPPI annual assessment, the piece that relates to the JPPI’s 2020 dialogue session.
  10. Anti-Defamation League, Antisemitism Index, ADL Global 100 (2015), Executive Summary.
  11. ADL Global 100 (2014) and update about 19 countries (2015), Anti-Defamation League, An Index of Anti-Semitism, Executive Summary., PEW research center, Religion & Public Life, February 2017.
  12. 2019 Report on Anti-Semitism in France, French Ministry of Interior and SPCJ, ;The 2019 report on combating racism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia in France, Commission nationale consultative de droits de l’homme (CNCDH), June 2020. ; IFOP Survey, Les Français et l’antisémitisme, February 2019.
  13. Staetsky, L. D., ‘Antisemitism in Contemporary Great Britain: A Study of Attitudes towards Jews and Israel’, JPR, September 2017.
  14. Bericht des Unabhängigen Expertenkreises Antisemitismus, German Parliament, April 2017.
  15. See ADL 2015. See also Koopmans, Ruul, “Religious Fundamentalism and Hostility against Out-groups. A Comparison of Muslims and Christians in Western Europe” WZB Berlin Social Science Center, WZB Mitteilungen, December 2013.
  16. . ADL.
  17. Audit of Anti-Semitic Incidents: Year in Review 2019.
  18. Community Security Trust (UK), Antisemitic Incidents Report 2019.
  19. Source: Kantor Center – European Jewry and Antisemitism Database.
  20. Antisemitism Overview of data available in the European Union 2008–2018, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, November 2019
  21. AJC’s 2018 Survey of American Jewish Opinion,
  22. Ibid.
  23. During the two last decades, more than 20% of the core community have already relocated in Israel. During 2012-2018, more than 25,000 French Jews (7.5% of the total community) relocated to Israel and thousands more migrated to the United States. This explains why the percentage of French Jews who are considering migrating has declined since the 2012 survey.
  24. Ibid.
  25. AJC’s 2019 Survey of American Jewish Opinion. American Jewish Committee. June 2019.
  26. Among the young European Jews (16-34 age) who investigate emigration, 67% contemplate emigrating to Israel, 21% to another country outside of Europe and only 11% consider remaining in a European country. “Young Jewish Europeans: perceptions and experiences of antisemitism,” European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, July 2019.