2021 Annual Assessment

The Situation and Dynamics of the Jewish People

PROJECT HEAD: Shmuel Rosner

Dan Feferman, Shlomo Fischer, Shuki Friedman, Avi Gil, Inbal Hakman, Michael Herzog, Gitit Levy-Paz, Dov Maimon, Steven Popper, Uzi Rebhun, John Ruskay, Noah Slepkov, Adar Schieber, Yedidia Stern, Shalom Salomon Wald

Barry Geltman

2021 Annual Assessment

  1. See the JPPI dialogue for 2021 headed by Dr. Shlomo Fischer and Dr. John Ruskay,
  2. Comparing the 2021 Pew report with its predecessor of 2013 raises methodological problems, due to major differences in polling methodology. The Pew researchers stress that it would be best not to compare the reports, though clearly there are public perceptions based on the gap between the two surveys’ findings.
  3. Our discussion in this part of the article is based on: “The Diaspora Jewish Community, Post-Pandemic: Trends and Recommendations,” Shmuel Rosner, the Jewish People Policy Institute, March 2021. In that article one can find additional information about the pandemic’s impact on Jewish communities around the world, as well as a set of policy recommendations that are not included in the present document.
  4. See: For Turkey’s Sephardic Jews, Spanish passports provide a pathway for vaccination, the Jewish Forward, May 2021.
  5. See, for example: TEN LESSONS FOR A POST-PANDEMIC WORLD, Fareed Zakaria, W.W. Norton, 2020; and this collection of assays in the Financial Times:; and The World After the Coronavirus, Foreign Policy (
  7. See: Will the coronavirus permanently convert in-person worshippers to online streamers? They don’t think so, Alan Cooperman, Pew, 2020.
  8. More Americans Than People in Other Advanced Economies Say COVID-19 Has Strengthened Religious Faith, Pew, 2021.
  9. See, for example, Prof. Karestan Koenen, at the Harvard Gazette (Outbreak forced changes big and small, some of which are here to stay, 2020).
  10. Amid Covid Slump, Synagogues Finding it Pays to Innovate, Stewart Ain, July 14, 2020.
  11. See: “The Cyber War Is Escalating, and Israel Stands to Profit,” Sophie Shulman, Calcalist, April 2021,
  12. Israeli Spyware Maker Is in Spotlight Amid Reports of Wide Abuses, New York Times, July 18, 2021.
  13. Is It Tomorrow Yet?, Ivan Krastev, Penguin.
  14. Krastev: The seven early lessons of the global coronavirus crisis, New Statesmen, 2020.
  15. For more on this topic, see: The 2021 Arab Israeli Riots and Their Consequences, Shmuel Rosner, Jewish People Policy Institute, June 2021.
  16. See, for example: Audit of Antisemitic Incidents 2020, ADL,
  17. For more on the state of antisemitism, see the Jewish People Policy Institute’s Integrated Index:
  18. This is underscored by the fact that the Pew report on American Jewry is going to be published by Center for the Study of Religion and Society.
  20. See: The Nones: Where They Came From, Who They Are, and Where They Are Going, Ryan P. Burge. Fortress Press, 2021.
  21. The 2020 Census of American Religion, PRRI.
  22. The Un-Jews, The Jewish attempt to cancel Israel and Jewish peoplehood, Nathan Sharansky, Gil Troy, Tablet Magazine, June 2021.
  23. For more on this issue, see: 70 Years of Israel-Diaspora Relations: the Next Generation, Jewish People Policy Institute, 2018.
  24. What European Jews Want From the New Israeli Government – and Will They Miss Netanyahu?, Haaretz, June, 2021.
  25. See: Jews in Europe at the Turn of the Millennium, jpr, October 2020.
  26. See: Is the Future of European Jewry in Danger? Dov Maimon, Jewish People Policy Institute, July 2021.