As shown in figures 1 and 3, anti-Western and anti-Semitic attitudes are widely spread among Muslim newcomers. Due to Europeans’ colonialist past and guilt feelings towards their former colonized populations, Europeans have for long denied the very existence of such resentments and have started only recently to acknowledge their implications (see figures 1 and 2).5
Figure 1:Religious Fundamentalism and Outgroup-Hostility among European Muslims
Figure 2: Percentage of Muslim population in European Cities
Figure 3: Anti-Jewish Prejudice in France
Thus, in stridently anti-racist Germany, a recent study found 3 percent of non-immigrant Germans agreeing that “Jews have too much power in the world”; the number rose to 25 percent among those of Turkish origin, and 40 percent among those of Arab origin.6 Similarly, while anti-Jewish prejudice among the general European population is steadily decreasing, a study published last November by Fondapol, a French think-tank, found that, whereas 25 percent of those surveyed agreed that Jews “have too much power in the economy and finance,” the number was 74 percent for French Muslims, 50 percent for far-right voters, and 33 percent among far-left voters.7 Although observed specifically by Fondapol, this contrast between a general decrease of anti-Semitic attitudes and ardent anti-Jewish resentment among the three abovementioned sub-groups is a broad phenomenon in Europe.