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2017 Annual Assessment

1 It must be noted though, the Haredi Judaism is itself an innovation. See
משה סמט, החדש אסור מהתורה: פרקים בתולדות האורתודוכסיה, ירושלים 2005.
(Moshe Samet, Innovation is Forbidden by the Torah: Chapters in the History of Orthodoxy. Jerusalem, 2005.
2 Bavli Baba Batra 21a.
3 See Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein, The Chosen Few – How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70=1492, Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2012.
4 See Avraham Barkai, Juedische Minderheit und Industrialisierung, Tuebingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1988. Simone Laessig, „How German Jewry Turned Bourgeois: Religion, Culture and Social Mobility in the Age of Emancipation“, GHI Research, German Historical Institute Washington, GHI Bulletin 37, Fall 2005.
5 Paul Burstein, “Jewish Educational and Economic Success in the United States: A Search for Explanations”, Sociological Perspectives 50, Nr.2, 2007. All statistics in the text are taken from or based on Burstein.
6 Before Israel come: Switzerland (13.4 years), the UK (13.3), Australia (13.2), United States (13.2), Germany (13.2) and Canada (13.1).
9 Talmud Bavli, Eruvin 13b.
10 Fu Youde, „Distinctiveness: A Major Jewish Characteristic”. The Image of Jews in Contemporary China, ed. James Ross and Song Lihong, Boston: Academic Studies Press, 2016, 42.
11 Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Phillip II, Suffolk NY: Collins, 1982, Vol.2, 809.
12 Giorgio Vasari, Vies des Artistes, Paris : Grasset, 2007.
13 Ben R. Rich and Leo Janos, Skunk Works – A Personal Memoir of my Years at Lockheed, Boston/New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1994, 109. Morris Steinberg, fm. Director of Technology Transfer of the Lockheed Corporation, drew the author’s attention to the critical importance of his colleague Ben Rich.
14 Bob Holmes, “Sparks of Life”, New Scientist, 28 February 2015.
15 Thorstein Veblen, “The intellectual pre-eminence of Jews in modern Europe”, Political Science Quarterly 34, No.1, March 1919.
16 Chaim Weizmann, Trial and Error: The Autobiography of Chaim Weizmann, Westport Conn.: Greenwood Pub Group, 1972, Chapter 2.
17 Edmund De Waal, The Hare with the Amber Eyes – A hidden Inheritance, New York: Picador, 2010, 125.
18 Maurice Tuchman, “Chaim Soutine (1893-1943). Life and Work”, in M.Tuchman, E.Dunow, K.Perls, Soutine. Catalogue Raisonne, Koeln-London: Taschen, 2001, 13.
19 See
אברהם בורנשטיין, ספר אגלי טל, פיעטרקוב, 1905.
Avraham Bornstein, Sefer Eglei Tal, Piotrków Trybunalski, 1905, introduction.