Article Library / Policy Papers

China’s Rise, US Opposition and the Implications for Israel

1 The definition of a “super-power” is debatable, and so is the question of whether China has already reached the status of a super-power. US power is of a different dimension than that of any other Western country, Japan or Russia. The US is a super-power. As China wants parity with the US it can be regarded as an aspiring super-power.
2 Most of the following figures are taken from China and the world – inside the dynamics of a changing relationship, McKinsey Global Institute, July 2019.
3 OECD Economic Policy Papers 03: Looking to 2060: Long-term global growth prospects – A going for growth report, OECD, November 2012.
5 English edition New York: CN Times Books Inc. 2010.
6 Paperback, New York: St. Martins Griffin, 2016.
7 Jonathan D.T. Ward, China’s Vision of Victory – And Why America Must Win, Atlas Publishing: Washington-New York, 2019.
8 The Chinese government can and does prohibit the publication of unwanted book but did not do so in these cases. The US government does not have the same power.
9 The term “Silk Road” was a Western (probably German) invention of the late 19th century. It was accepted by the Chinese and everyone else.
10 In China, intellectual property is considered a production input, not a scientific achievement.
11 The only major American military intervention was the participation of US marines in a Western intervention force that suppressed the Boxer rebellion of 1900/1901, a violent anti-Western and anti-Christian movement.
12 Cella-Margaretha-Girardet, Juedische Maezene fuer die Preussischen Museen zu Berlin, Engelsbach: Frankfurt-Washington, 1997, 101.
13 Chronology of United States – China Relations 1784 -2000, Office of the Historian, Department of State, United States of America. relations.
14 Barbara W.Tuchman, Stilwell and the American Experience in China 1911-45, New York: Bantam Books, 1971, 678.
15 Thanks are expressed for the help of Prof. Steven Popper, Professor of S&T Policy, The Rand Corporation, and Prof. (ret.) Ron Atlas, Univ. of Louisville, Kentucky who was for many years involved in US Federal S&T policy.
16 In 2016 China prohibited public religious celebrations of a small Chinese community claiming Jewish ancestry in Kaifeng. They depended for decades on spiritual and financial help from American Jews which may have sealed their fate. They are innocent victims of a general sweep against foreign beliefs. Israel’s Embassy and China’s Chabad rabbis do not recognize them.
17 As the relevant documents remain classified in all three countries, it is not known who paid the estimated 3,5 billion Dollars for this transfer. Source: Prof. Yitzchak Shichor.
18 Mosaic Magazine, 15.11. 2
19 Mosaic Magazine, 12.11.2018
20 Times of Israel, 21.3.2019
21 Adi Pick, Calcalist, Ynet news com, 22.1.2019
22 “US-China-Israel Triangle: Assessing Chinese Media Coverage – Insights from A.B.Pevsner”, The Diplomat – Trans-Pacific View, 11.2.2019
23 SCMP, 23.1.2019
24 SCMP, 29.1.2019
25 Mosaic Magazine, 19.11.2018
26 Carice Witte, in Sam Chester, “Experts downplay impact on Haifa Port decision,” The Jerusalem Post, 10.1.2019.
27 The Jerusalem Post, 31.1.2019
28 “China, Israel and the United States: Triangular Pressures”, The Jewish People Policy Institute (JPPI), 3.1.2019,
29 The Jerusalem Post, 8.2.2019
30 Yonah Jeremy Bob, “China wins Haifa Port as fight is on”, The Jerusalem Post, 11.12.2019.
31 Efraim Chalamish, “The Israel-China debate”, The Jerusalem Post, 22.1.2019, writes: “The need to adapt the Israeli regulatory regime to rising Chinese investments and new global industries such as AI and Big Data is long overdue. The Israeli government has not developed a comprehensive foreign investment policy that includes defining ‘national security’ or ‘national interest…”
32 Eytan Halon, “Hong Kong billionaire: Only US can be Israel’s friend in trade war”, The Jerusalem Post, 3.12.2019.
33 Statistics from Israel’s Export Institute, see, and
34 Yossi Mekelberg, “China and Israel: evolving relations in the shadow of trade wars”, Castlereagh Associates, 20. September 2019.
35 Eanna Kelly, “Israel sets out to become the next major artificial intelligence player”, Science/Business, 2 July 2019
36 Yitzhak Shichor, “My Heart is in the West and I am at the End of the East: Changing Israeli Perceptions of Asia”.
The World Facing Israel – Israel Facing the World, ed. Alfred Wittstock, Berlin: Frank & Timme, 2011, 242-257.
37 Yulia Egorova, Jews and India: Perceptions and Image. New York: Routledge, 2006, 51.
38 Shira Efron et al., The Evolving Israel-China Relationship, Rand Corporation: Santa Monica, California, 2019