Article Library / India, Israel and the Jewish People

India, Israel and the Jewish People

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru, quoted in: Benny Morris, “Einstein’s other theory,” The Guardian, February 16, 2005.
  2. Mahatma Gandhi, notes in Young India, April 6, 1921.
  3. Jawaharlal Nehru, quoted in Morris, op. cit.
  4. Ultimately, British India was partitioned before the partition plan of Palestine was formally approved by the UN General Assembly.
  5. Note that several non-Arab and non-Muslim countries, including Vietnam and Armenia, established full diplomatic relations with Israel later than India, but they do not have India’s power status and significance.
  6. Sreekantan Nair, Dynamics of a diplomacy delayed: India and Israel, New Delhi: Kalpaz Publications, 2004, 123.
  7. “Delhi Statement on Friendship and Cooperation between India and Israel,” September 10, 2003.
  8. In 2012 the Indian minister of urban development, the minister of communications, information technology and human resource development, and the minister of tourism thus visited Israel.
  9. Lahav Larkov, “India’s President, Netanyahu praise economic, scientific cooperation in Knesset speech” The Jerusalem Post, News, October 15, 2015
  10. Shortly after the Indian statement, Israel’s Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman told UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon that the international community had not protested when “500 people were killed in various incidents in Thailand, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and India.” Placing India on the same level as Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq immediately raised great controversy. While Israel apologized and claimed that the reference to India had been completely unintentional, some alleged that Lieberman’s declaration was in fact a veiled response to India’s strong condemnation of Israel, which had bitterly irritated the latter.
  11. The resolution passed on the Israeli-Hezbollah conflict by the Indian Parliament in July 2006 adopted a totally one-sided Lebanese focus. It condemned the considerable human loss and material damage suffered by Lebanese civilians, yet neglected mentioning the repeated Katyusha attacks against Israeli territory and residential areas.
  12. Minister M.Venkaiah Naidu, The Telegraph, Calcutta, India, online edition July 15, 2014, front page.
  13. Herb Keinon, “Despite president’s visit, India votes against Israel”, The Jerusalem Post, News, October 23, 2015.
  14. After the first test of a nuclear device conducted under the government of Congress Party Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1974, severe restrictions were imposed on India by the governments of the United States and several other Western states on the export of advanced technology – primarily in the nuclear and space fields, but also with effect for other military sectors such as the area of missile development. Sanctions were reinforced and expanded after the 1998 Pokhran nuclear tests.
  15. Kumaraswamy, “Indo-Israeli military ties enter next stage,” International Relations and Security Network, August 03, 2007.
  16. Ullekh NP, “$10-Billion Business – David Arms Goliath,” The Economic Times magazine, September 23-29, 2012.
  17. Note that the Arrow system aroused keen interest in India but the U.S. opposed the deal. India has bought several Green Pine radars from Israel for its own anti-ballistic missile defense system.
  18. Harsh V. Pant, “India-Israel partnership: convergence and constraints,” Middle East Review for International Affairs Vol. 8, No. 4, December 2004, 70.
  19. Yaacov Katz, “IAI forced out of Indian fighter jet bid,” The Jerusalem Post, July 5, 2009.
  20. Ora Coren, “India blacklists Israel Military Industry for 10 years,” Ha’aretz, March 7, 2012.
  21. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Israel: Phase 2 – Report on the Application of the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions and the 1997 Recommendation on Combating Bribery in International Business Transactions (2009); “OECD: Israel must step up fight against international bribery,” Ha’aretz, December 17, 2009.
  22. Interviews of senior former Israeli diplomats and government officials, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, 2010-2012.
  23. The Israel Export and International Cooperation Institute, Economic Department; Developments and Trends in Israeli Exports, Summary of 2013 and Forecast for 2014; March 2014.
  25. Statistics from the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics.
  26. “Foreign Trade” (year 2004) in Time Series – Data Bank (Israel: Central Bureau of Statistics).
  27. David Maimonides, younger brother of Moses Maimonides, was a trader who imported precious stones from India. Refer also to: Jonathan I. Israel: European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550-1750, London-Porrtland, TheLittman library of Jewish civilization, June 1998.
  29. Israeli Consul General to India Orna Sagiv, quoted in The Marker, 27 January, 2010 (Hebrew).
  32. Tova Cohen and Ari Rabinovitch, “Israel, India forge business ties”. The Jerusalem Post, Globes, November 20,2014.
  33. Julie Steigerwald, “Tel Aviv to help India develop ‘smart cities’”, The Jerusalem Post, Business and Innovation, November 11, 2015.
  35. David Shamah, “India’s third-biggest firm shops Israel for innovative tech,”, February 29, 2016.
  36. Gideon Snir, “Cross Border Business Negotiations,” in India-Israel Potential Ahead, Tel Aviv: Embassy of India to Israel, 2008, 75.
  37. Ibid 76.
  38. Dror Marom, “Air India Cancels Flights to Israel; Assessment: Political Decision,” Globes, February 12, 1998.
  39. Ronit Appel et al., Cultural Diplomacy: An Important But Neglected Tool in Promoting Israel’s Public Image, (Herzliya: Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), May 2008.
  40. BBC World Service, Poll, May 10, 2012.
  42. Itamar Eichner, “From India with love,” Ynet News, March 4, 2009.
  43. Sadia Shepard, “In Search for the Bene Israel” (2008).
  44. Dov Shinar et al., The Neaman Document – A study on Israeli Public Diplomacy (Haifa and Jerusalem: Samuel Neaman Institute, Technion, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, March, 2009), 97.
  45. Ibid.
  48. Cultural Diplomacy, op. cit.
  49. Dinesh Varma, “Israel keen on cultural ties”, The Hindu, Puducherry, November 18, 2015.
  51. “Celebrating India in Israel,” available at
  52. Vinay Umarji, “Israel’s Technion, iCreate to jointly incubate start-ups,” Business Standard, October 22, 2012.
  53. For a first-person account of Moshe Yegar’s visit to India, refer to: Yegar, “The normalization of relations between India and Israel,” Nativ Vol. 16, No. 1 (January 2003).
  54. Statistics provided by the Israeli Ministry of Tourism. India: Ministry of Tourism, Market Research Division, 2004, India Tourism Statistics 2003; India Ministry of Tourism, Market Research Division, 2011, India Tourism Statistics 2010.
  55. Daniel Uri James, Coming of Age in India: The Military and Israeli Backpackers, master’s thesis, Utrecht University, May 2012.
  56. Daria Maoz, “The Conquerors and the Settlers: Two Groups of Young Israeli Backpackers in India,” in The Global Nomad: Backpacker Travel in Theory and Practice, edited by Greg Richards et al., Bristol-Buffalo-Toronto, Channel View Publications, 2004.