Jewish Community Study of New York:2011. P. 29. Data concerning contributions is by self-report.
Quoted in the Annual Assessment of the Situation and Dynamics of the Jewish People 2016-5776
Economy and Society, volume 2, Berkeley and Los Angeles 1978, p. 1204.
Lawrence Kaplan, “Daas Torah: A Modern Conception of Rabbinic Authority” in Moshe Sokol (ed.), Rabbinic Authority and Personal Autonomy, Aronson, Northvale N.J. 1992.
This elite orientation expresses itself not only in adhering to exacting standards of behavior but also, to one degree or another, in renunciation, whether of livelihood or recreational pleasures because of the religious demands of Torah study and Halachic observance.
Max Weber’s term.
It was in regard to this situation that Nathan Birnbaum wrote his famous essay אין גלות ביי אידין. (“In Exile among Jews”).
However, there were substantial disagreements concerning tactics.
Gershon Bacon, The Politics of Tradition: Agudath Israel in Poland, 1916-1939, Magnes Press, Jerusalem:1996.
Lawrence Kaplan, “Daas Torah”.
Many attended the night programs of the colleges of the City University of New York.
Agudath Israel was started in the United States during the 1930s. it did not however adopt contemporary Haredi standards of behavior until after the war.
Ravitzky, Aviezer. Messianism, Zionism and Jewish Religious Radicalism, Chicago 1996.
Shlomo Fischer, “Tnuat Shas”, in Adi Ophir (ed.) Fifty to 48: Critical Moments in the History of Israel, Jerusalem, 1999.
The Jewish People Policy Institute (JPPI) is an independent professional policy planning think tank incorporated as a private non-profit company in Israel. The mission of the Institute is to ensure the thriving of the Jewish People and the Jewish civilization by engaging in professional strategic thinking and planning on issues of primary concern to world Jewry. Located in Jerusalem, the concept of JPPI regarding the Jewish People is global, and includes aspects of major Jewish communities with Israel as one of them, at the core.
Givat Ram Campus, P.O.B. 39156
Jerusalem, 9139101, Israel